Peruvian in Lima, Peru [PEL]

Available Samples Family Relationships
Cell Cultures: 122
DNA: 122
DNA Sample Panel: MGP00011
 Trios:  35
 Unrelated Individuals:  17


Population Description

These cell lines and DNA samples were prepared from blood samples collected in the Lima-Callao, Peru metropolitan area from individuals who identify themselves as having four grandparents who were born in Peru.

The samples were collected from people who came from (or whose ancestors came from) many different parts of Peru. Also, many of their ancestors came from different regions of Europe and Africa. This set of samples can be viewed as generally representative of the majority population in Peru.

Referring to Populations

It is important to include a reference to "Lima, Peru" when describing the source of these samples (and to use the abbreviation "PEL" where a shorthand designation is needed) in order to identify the population with precision. These samples should not be referred to as “Hispanic” or “Latino” since these are cultural designators, encompassing populations with very diverse ancestries.

The full population descriptor is Peruvian in Lima, Peru (PEL). The shorthand label is Peruvian and the abbreviation is PEL.

It may be scientifically appropriate to pool data from these samples with data from other ancestrally related groups, when the data show that the groups have similar allele frequencies. If all of the groups are from the Americas, the designation “Americas” (AMR) to describe the combined analysis panel is recommended. If only groups very closely related to the Peruvians have similar allele frequencies, then another abbreviation may be used.

Additional guidance about how to refer to the populations can be found at Guidelines for Referring to the Populations in Publications and Presentations.

Principal Investigator 

  • Carla Gallo - Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Peru  
  • Giovanni Poletti - Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Peru


  1. Mao X, Bigham AW, Mei R, Gutierrez G, Weiss KM, Brutsaert TD, Leon-Velarde F, Moore LG, Vargas E, McKeigue PM, Shriver MD, Parra EJ. (2007) A genomewide admixture mapping panel for Hispanic/Latino populations. Am J Hum Genet 80(6):1171-8.
  2. Price AL, Patterson N, Yu F, Cox DR, Waliszewska A, Mcdonald GJ, Tandon A, Schirmer C, Neubauer J, Bedoya G, Duque C, Villegas A, Bortolini M-C, Salzano Fm, Gallo C, Mazzotti G, Tello-Ruiz M, Riba L, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Canizales-Quinteros S, Menjivar M, Klitz W, Henderson B, Haiman CA, Winkler C, Tusie-Luna T, Ruiz-Linares A, Reich D. (2007) A genomewide admixture map for Latino populations. Am J Hum Gene 80(6):1024-1036.
  3. Wang S, Ray N, Rojas W, Parra Mv, Bedoya G, Gallo C, Poletti G, Mazzotti G, Hill K, Hurtado AM, Camrena B, Nicolini H, Klitz W, Barrantes R, Molina JA, Freimer N, Bortolini MC, Salzano FM, Petzl- Erler ML, Tsuneto LT, Dipierri JE, Alfaro EL, Bailliet G, Bianchi NO, Llop E, Rothhammer F, Excoffier L, Ruiz-Linares A. (2008) Geographic patterns of genome admixture in Latin American Mestizos. PLoS Genetics 4(3):e1000037.