Punjabi in Lahore, Pakistan [PJL]

Available Samples Family Relationships
Cell Cultures: 158
DNA: 158
DNA Sample Panel: MGP00020
 Trios:  42
 Parent-Child Duos:  8
 Unrelated Individuals:  16

Population Description

These cell lines and DNA samples were prepared from blood samples collected in Lahore, Pakistan from individuals who identified themselves and their parents as Punjabi.

Referring to Populations

It is important to include a reference to “Lahore, Pakistan” when describing the source of these samples. Including the name of the city and the country where these samples were collected reinforces the point that the sample set, while not genetically “atypical”, does not necessarily represent all Punjabi people, whose population history is complex. The population should not be described merely as “South Asian” or “Pakistani”, since both of those designators encompasses many populations with different geographic ancestries.

The full population descriptor is Punjabi in Lahore, Pakistan.  The shorthand label is Punjabi and the abbreviation is PJL. 

It may be scientifically appropriate to pool data from these samples with data from other ancestrally related groups, when the data show that the groups have similar allele frequencies. If the groups all have South Asian ancestry, the designation "South Asian ancestry" (abbreviation: SAA) to describe the combined analysis panel is recommended. If only groups very closely related to the Punjabi have similar allele frequencies, then another abbreviation may need to be used.

Additional guidance about how to refer to the populations can be found at Guidelines for Referring to the Populations in Publications and Presentations.

Principal Investigators

  • Danish Saleheen - Center for Non-Communicable Diseases, Karachi, Pakistan & University of Pennsylvania, USA 
  • Asif Rasheed - Center for Non-Communicable Diseases, Karachi, Pakistan